7 Types of Medical Specialists and What They Do

7 Types of Medical Specialists and What They Do

Doctors focus on either primary care or specialty care, and there are nearly 50 specialty care categories doctors can practice under. Consider what seven of the most regularly visited specialists do.

1. Orthopedic Surgeons

If you have orthopedic injuries southern Iowa, you’re dealing with issues that affect the musculoskeletal system. You’ll see an orthopedic surgeon to fix broken bones, treat arthritis, correct dislocated joints and repair tendons and muscles. 

2. Allergists

While some allergists can treat autoimmune diseases, they primarily focus on immune system disorders such as food allergies, anaphylaxis, asthma and eczema. Allergists are sometimes called “immunologists.”

3. Cardiologists

Patients who have high blood pressure, heart failure, heart arrhythmia and any other issue with the cardiovascular system should see a cardiologist. Note that while traditional cardiologists cannot operate on patients, interventional cardiologists can perform specialized procedures such as unclogging arteries with stents. Cardiac surgeons will perform open-heart surgeries, install pacemakers and repair heart defects.

4. Gastroenterologists

Gastroenterologists help treat problems in the gastrointestinal tract. Patients who suffer from inflammatory bowel disease, pancreatic disease, or liver, gallbladder, and stomach issues should see a GI doctor.

5. Dermatologists

Patients who have problems with their hair, skin and nails can see dermatologists for help. These professionals typically diagnose and treat conditions such as psoriasis, acne, and skin cancer. Many dermatologists are also licensed to perform aesthetic procedures such as dermal fillers, laser treatments and chemical peels.

6. Gynecologists

Gynecologists treat female reproductive health conditions, and women are encouraged to see gynecologists yearly. These specialists can help with menopause, breast issues, pregnancy, and fallopian tube disorders. Doctors who help with labor and delivery are considered obstetricians/gynecologists, or OB/GYNs.

7. Endocrinologists

Endocrinologists focus on disorders related to the endocrine system, such as diabetes, hormone imbalances, adrenal gland issues, and thyroid conditions. Children with growth problems should see an endocrinologist for treatment.